The naturalization interview is one of the last steps involved in becoming a citizen of the United States. The interview takes place with an officer of the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services. In addition to asking questions about your background and your application, the interviewer will also conduct a civics test and an English language test.
If you do not pass a portion of your test the first time, you will have another opportunity to retake it sometime between 60 and 90 days later. You may qualify for an exemption from either or both tests under certain circumstances.
To pass the civics test, you must answer six out of 10 questions correctly. They relate to the government and the history of the United States. There are a possible 100 questions from which the interviewer chooses 10. The questions do not change frequently, but the answers may change on the basis of new appointments, election outcomes, etc. The USCIS provides materials to help you study for the civics test.
The interview process gauges your ability to write, read and speak the English language. There are several components to this portion of the test. For the writing portion, you must demonstrate the ability to write one sentence correctly out of a possible three.
The reading test involves reading a sentence aloud in English. You can study for this portion beforehand with the Reading Test Vocabulary List provided by USCIS. This study guide may also help you with the other portion of the test because the content relates to U.S. history and civics.